Biodiversity data

at the Genal

Salamandra bética (Salamandra s. longirostris)

Amphibians surveys

Data stored in AHE server

We participate in the Spanish Amphibian and Reptile Monitoring Scheme (SARE) that the Spanish Herpetological Association has been carrying out since 2008.

PROTOCOL: Four visits to amphibian breeding sites.

News about the progress of the project on our blog.

Cardenillo (Tomares ballus)

We contribute to the Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (BMS), in operation in mainland Europe since 1990, and in the UK since 1976, and participate in the Spanish scheme.

PROTOCOLS: A 2 km long transect around the Genal Field Station. 15 ‘period counts.

Cardenillo (Tomares ballus)

Polininator insects surveys

Data stored at

We began a study of local pollination following the SPIPOLL methodology, a citizen science program developed in France since 2001.

PROTOCOL: Follow-up of a flowering plant species (within a radius of 5 meters) for 20 minutes photographing all the insect taxa present.



Estudio de macro-invertebrados acuáticos IBMWP

Aquatic macero-invertebrates surveys

We carry out the measurement of river water quality with the standardized Iberian Biological Monitoring Working Party (IBMWP) methodology. We participate to Andarríos, the Andalusian citizen science program.

PROTOCOL: collection of aquatic macro-invertebrates in stretches of 100 meters of rivers.

Libélula azafrán (Trithemis kirbyi)

Dragonflies surveys

We have organized the Andalusian Dragonfly Recording Scheme (ROLA) since 2009.

Assessing the presence of odonates in streches of the Genal, Guadiaro and Hozgarganta rivers and several ponds and lagoons.

Muestreo de insectos nocturnos

Nocturnal insects at GFS

Data available at

We regularly place a light trap at the Genal Field Station, sharing photos and material with specialists in various taxonomic groups.

Sierra del Hacho y pueblo de Gaucín.
Orquídea abejorro (Ophrys bombyliflora)

Biodiversity survey in the Sierra del Hacho de Gaucín

Data available at Vascular Flora at project Anthos

A steep and rocky hill of limestone dominating the village of Gaucín. A perfect hike with wonderfull sceneries of the Genal and Guadiaro valleys, and no less attractive views of Gibraltar and Africa.


Highlights (fauna, fungi & flora)

  1. Large population of the Iberian Peony, Paeonia broteri.
  2. Seven species of orchids, including the rare Bumblebee Orchid, Ophrys bombyliflora.
  3. Griffon vultures, Gyps fulvus, flying over and beneath.
  4. Woodland birds and more raptors.
  5. Often difficult to see: Iberian ibex, Capra pyrenaica hispanica.
  6. In January-February: Almond blossom, Prunus dulcis.
  7. A nice variety of habitats in a short distance.


La GFS rodeada con el alcornocal

Biodiversidad Virtual check-point

Data available at Biodiversidad Virtual

The Genal Field Station is located next to the town of Benarraba, in the Serranía de Ronda, surrounded by a mixed forest, where cork oaks predominate, and small orchards.

We collaborate with Biodiversidad Virtual, the oldest platform in Spain for citizen science and biodiversity, by posting photos of species present in the GFS, Punto BV nº 158.

Velorita (Bellis perennis).

Bibliography on biodiversity of the Genal Valley

We gather the information published to date on the biodiversity of the Genal Valley and the Serranía de Ronda to incorporate it into a database.

Point out the essential reference (two parts): Genal River Valley Floristic Catalog – 20032005 – by Gavira and Latorre.

All interested parties can send articles for reference.

Area to access data generated by the project.

All interested parties can contribute to the project, inhabitants of the area, students wanting to make a stay in the place, and travelers passing through.

We appreciate the collaboration of naturalists and specialists. This initiative is pluralistic and its advancement rests largely on the power of collective effort.